Budget questions and answers

The County Council is halfway through a programme that will see it become smaller and more efficient as it works more closely with North Yorkshire communities.

Information about our budget

This page provides a simple guide to the situation facing the County Council as a result of austerity, how we plan to address that situation, the progress we are making and the challenges we face.

We are currently consulting on the level of council tax for 2018-19 and asking for views on where we should focus council spending. You can provide your views here.

What is the situation?

Funding provided by central government to local authorities to deliver services has been reduced significantly in recent years. The total savings requirement to meet the reductions in government funding as well as all our costs is estimated at about £174m over the nine years from 2011-12 to 2019-20. This is equivalent to reducing our spending power by about 34 per cent over the decade, while dealing with increasing demand for services. This presents a considerable challenge and we face difficult decisions on spending and service provision.

How do we plan to achieve this?

We have drawn up the 2020 North Yorkshire programme, a long-term plan to make savings through change. This change involves working with communities to find ways in which they can provide services better and more cheaply, for example in running libraries. Our stronger communities programme is supporting this work. We are also working with communities, families and individuals to help older and vulnerable people live independently and well for longer. Through our extra care programme we are providing homes where people can live independently, but with care on hand when they need it. We also support people with the skills and equipment they need to live independently. People have told us that is what they want to do.

Will council tax rise?

The government has indicated that it expects authorities with responsibility for adult social care, such as North Yorkshire County Council, to increase council tax by either 3.99 per cent or 4.99 per cent in April 2018. This would be made up of a 1.99 per cent or 2.99 per cent general increase in council tax, plus a further two per cent specifically to pay for the increasing costs of adult social care, notably the introduction of the National Living Wage, which will affect many care workers. Councillors will decide the county council's council tax level for 2018-19 at their meeting on 21 February 2018. Currently, the council tax charge for an average band D property is £1,189.50, which is below the average for counties.

What have we achieved so far?

Up to March 2018 we expect to have saved more than £141m. This has been done largely by improving the efficiency of our back office operations, such as reducing management costs, cutting the cost of our contracts with suppliers and working with partners to avoid duplication. This has helped us to keep the impact on frontline services to a minimum. However, as further savings are required, it becomes increasingly difficult to protect frontline services, which is why we're working with communities to find alternative ways of providing services.

Among the efficiency savings are:

  • reducing the costs of human resources, finance, technology, property, legal and democratic services;
  • cutting the cost of our contracts with suppliers;
  • reducing the number of managers;
  • pooling administrative support and reducing numbers;
  • making savings on staff terms and conditions; and
  • increased income and new ways of working.

Among the frontline savings are:

  • changes to library services, meaning some are now community-run;
  • replacing elderly persons' homes with extra care housing;
  • reducing youth and children's centres but providing targeted support;
  • reducing transport subsidies; and
  • reducing grass-cutting services.

What challenges do we face?

To meet the challenge of substantially reduced government funding, we expect to need to save about a further £44m over the next four years. We have identified where some of this can be saved, but currently face a shortfall of £10.7m. Achieving the required savings becomes increasingly difficult, as there are fewer savings that can be made from just back office functions. We need to ensure that we can still invest in our priority areas, including roads, broadband, supporting the elderly and vulnerable and giving a good start to all young people. More than a quarter of the county's adult population is over 65. Every year the population of older people grows, and with it the demand for care and support.

Where does the council's money come from?

Our funding comes broadly from three areas: central government funding, council tax and business rates. In 2017-18 the amounts received from these sources were:


This gave a total net budget of £359m.

In addition, there is a dedicated schools budget of about £400m.

Where is it spent?

We spend the funds from these sources to provide and support a wide range of services. The larger areas of spending include:

  • Adult Social Care: £195m
  • Children and Families: £40m
  • Home to School Transport: £21m
  • Highways and Transportation: £39m
  • Passenger Transport: £18m
  • Waste Management: £35m

Information about all council services can be found elsewhere on this website.

Why does my council tax bill include a separate line for adult social care?

Last year, the Government identified that councils that provide social care services are under increasing pressure for services at a time of reducing funding.

Therefore, the Chancellor of the Exchequer presented authorities across the country that deliver adult social care with the flexibility to raise an additional precept of up to two per cent without breaching the council tax referendum threshold. This must be used entirely for adult social care.

Adult social care services include helping people to live independently in their own homes or in residential care where necessary. Adults with physical and learning disabilities are also supported and funded by adult social care. A person's care needs are determined by an assessment by a social care assessor. Once a person has been deemed eligible, a care and support package is agreed with the person and their family. Some people are required to contribute towards the cost of their care if they meet set criteria (e.g. their level of savings and income).

This extra two per cent on the council tax is called the adult social care precept and can only be used to fund extra costs of adult social care. Demand for adult social care is increasing; the costs of care packages are increasing; and the government's announcement to introduce the National Living Wage alone is estimated to cost almost all of the extra income due to be raised from the precept.

That is why North Yorkshire County Council, along with almost every eligible authority nationally, has taken up the government's offer to raise this additional precept. Without this precept, the County Council would have to find additional savings of around £21m up to 2020.

How is the adult social care precept calculated?

The adult social care precept is calculated as a percentage of the total County Council council tax, as illustrated in the example below.

North Yorkshire County Council - Band D £1,144.62
Adult social care precept £44.88
North Yorkshire County Council total £1,189.50


North Yorkshire County Council - Band D £1,180.18
Adult social care precept £68.67
North Yorkshire County Council total £1,248.85

The precept percentage increase above is calculated based upon the total North Yorkshire County Council charge in 2017-18 (i.e. £1,189.50) so: £1,189.50 x 2% = £23.79

£44.88 (2017-18 adult social care precept) + £23.79 (2018-19 increase in adult social care precept) = £68.67

Can I opt out of the adult social care precept?

No, it is part of the council tax and it is not possible to opt out of any element.

Budget live chat

North Yorkshire residents were invited to take part in a web chat about the county council’s budget and council tax before county councillors meet in February to consider and decide upon the budget.

Between 5pm and 7pm on 23 January, County Council Leader Cllr Carl Les and Chief Executive Richard Flinton were online to answer questions about council tax, the financial challenges facing the county and the council’s priorities. You can view a transcript of the live chat below.

Live Blog Budget web chat - 23 January


Council leader Cllr Carl Les and chief executive Richard Flinton held a live web chat on Tuesday 13 December 2016. You can read the questions asked during the chat and the answers given below.

Live blog budget chat 2016



In a similar web chat from 2015 the questions ranged from council tax to reductions in staff, and from roads to waste.


Live blog budget chat 2015


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