Getting free, good quality compost from your bin is easy. You just need to put the right combination of ingredients in, almost like a recipe. Compost bins need a 50:50 mix of green and brown waste.
Green waste is nitrogen rich, is quick to rot and provides your compost with moisture.
Brown waste is carbon rich, is slower to rot, provides fibre and creates air pockets in the mixture.
|Green: 50%||Brown: 50%|
|Vegetable peelings||Crushed eggshells|
|Salad leaves and fruit scraps||Egg and cereal boxes|
|Tea bags||Scrunched up cardboard and paper|
|Grass cuttings and old flowers||Toilet roll tubes|
|Coffee grounds and filters||Garden prunings|
|Young annual weeds||Vaccum bag contents|
|Nettles and comfrey||Shredded paper and documents|
Placing your compost bin in direct or partial sunlight will help maintain higher temperatures inside and can speed up the composting process. To make sure you introduce air when adding materials to the mix, scrunch up cardboard and paper and add in twiggy materials from your garden. Cardboard egg boxes are an easy way to add air to your bin. This will reduce the need for regular turning.
Insulating the compost bin in winter with materials such as carpet or bubble wrap can help the composting process continue to work throughout the colder months.