The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations mean landlords have a duty to ensure rented premises have:
- a smoke alarm fitted on each storey of the property where a room is wholly or partly used as living accommodation
- a carbon monoxide alarm fitted in any room used wholly or partly as living accommodation which contains a solid fuel burning appliance, such as a coal fire, wood burner or wood burning aga
- checks to ensure that each required alarm is working on the day a new tenancy begins
Regulation 3(1) defines the 'relevant landlord' with these duties as “the immediate landlord in respect of a specified tenancy” and excludes registered providers of social housing.
Fire safety measures for houses in multiple occupation
The level of fire detection described above is not sufficient for house in multiple occupation properties.
Enforcing landlord duties
We are the enforcing authority for the regulations. If a landlord does not fulfil their duties, we will serve a remedial notice which sets out:
- which duties the landlord has failed to comply with
- what action should be taken
Action is required within 28 days. If they do not agree with the notice, landlords can submit a written appeal during that period.
Penalties for landlords failing to meet their duties
Under Regulation 7(1), if a landlord fails to comply with, or breaches, the terms of the notice, we will arrange for an authorised person to take the action, but only with the tenant's consent (Regulation 7(1) and (4)).
Under Regulation 8, if the landlord has breached a remedial notice, we can impose a penalty charge. The landlord has a right to request a review of the penalty charge and can appeal it to the first-tier tribunal on a number of grounds if they do not agree with our decision.
Landlords will not be in breach of a notice if they can show they have taken all reasonable steps, other than legal proceedings, to comply with the terms of the notice (Regulation 6(2)).
If you have concerns regarding fire safety or carbon monoxide in a rented property, contact us.
Free smoke alarms
We have a quantity of free smoke detectors to distribute to private sector landlords in Craven. Landlords must apply for them personally by completing the smoke alarm sign-up sheet on the Government website.
Alarms will only be provided in return for a completed application form.
As quantities are limited, provision of free alarms is restricted to 20 qualifying properties per landlord and will be distributed on a strictly first-come first-served basis.
The regulations specifically exclude registered social landlords from these obligations. Certain types of properties and arrangements are also excluded, such as houses in multiple occupation, lodgers, long leases, student halls of residence, hostels and refuges, care homes, hospitals and hospices. However, other appropriate legislation applies in most cases.